Thursday, 3 October 2019

Complete Analysis of "Fire and Ice" by Robert Frost || CBSE CLASS 10 ENGLISH || B.P. TUTORIALS || CBSENCERTANSWERS


       Robert Frost is one of the most eminent and finest American poets.
·       Birthday: March 26, 1874, San Francisco, California
·       Nationality:
·       Died ON- January 29, 1963 at the age: 88
·       Place of Death: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
·       Epitaphs: I Had A Lover's Quarrel with The World

Major Works

1.     A Boy's Will (1913 U.K. edition, 1915 U.S. edition)
2.     North of Boston (1914 U.K. edition, 1915 U.S. edition)
3.     Mountain Interval (1916)
4.     New Hampshire (1923)
5.     West-running Brook (1928)
6.     The Lovely Shall Be Choosers (1929)
7.      Collected Poems (1930)

          Pulitzer Prize, New Hampshire (1924)
2.     Pulitzer Prize, Collected Poems (1931)
3.     Pulitzer Prize, A Further Range (1937)
4.     Pulitzer Prize, A Witness Tree (1943)
5.     Congressional Gold Medal (1960)
6.     Poet Laureate of Vermont (1961)
7.     Edward MacDowell Medal (1962)


"Fire and Ice" is one of Robert Frost's most popular poems. It was published in December 1920 in Harper's Magazine and in 1923 in his Pulitzer Prizewinning book New Hampshire. It discusses the end of the world, likening the elemental force of fire with the emotion of desire, and ice with hate.
Hatred and desire are the two very important components of the poem which are rather self-destructive. It is our emotions and desires, if not controlled and assuaged will ultimately lead to destruction unimaginable. It is one of Frost's best-known and most anthologized poems.


Robert Frost wrote the poem Fire and Ice in 1920 in an interesting way of rhyme scheme.
As we check on the background of the poem we find that there are two sources from where Robert Frost might have been inspired from.
The concept of the ways of the destruction of the world might be from the by Dante's Inferno, Canto 32 which was written in the 14th century by the title of “DIVINE COMEDY”.
Another source states that following a conversation with astronomer Harlow Shapley about the end of the world Robert Frost, might have been inspired about writing the poem after he had conversed with him. According to the astronomer on questioned by Robert Frost, he said that said that either the sun will explode or the earth will slowly freeze. Take your pick.


Robert Frost, in this poem, has used a very interesting rhyme scheme. He has used here a modified version of the rhyming scheme is known as terza rima where the second line of the first tercet rhymes fully with the first and third lines of the next. This was invented by none other than Dante in his Divine Comedy.
Fire and Ice is a nine-line single stanza poem which rhymes with the metrical pattern of iambic tetrameter and di-meter.
The rhyme scheme is: aba abc bcb .
The poem Fire and Ice is constructed with Alliteration, allusion, enjambment, Symbolism etc. Find detailed one in the line by line analysis,

In his poem “Fire and Ice” Robert Frost with the power of symbolism has catered us two elements of destructions by nature i.e. fire and ice
According to him, there are two beliefs in the world by which this world will come to
complete annihilation.
Some believe that that fire would be the reason for the destruction of the world. Here fire is actually attributed to emotions and the desire of the people if the earth which would be the reason for the self-destruction of world.
Whereas the other group is of the opinion that the world will come to an end because of the ice which is symbolic of hatred. According to the poet, it has such power of devastation that it would one day with its power of hemlock bring an end to the world.
Poet gave some reasons and said both elements are capable to destroy the world by comparing it with human life. ‘Fire’ symbolizes human desires are just like the flames of fire which never end. Human desires are the main driving force which can compel a person to go to any extent to the fulfilment of those desires. Further, he said, ‘Ice’ is also equally capable to destroy the world. He associated it with cold-blooded hatred which modern man has for fellow human beings.