Tuesday, 2 February 2016

ANALYSIS AND EXPLANATION OF SONG OF THE RAIN CBSE-CLASS-IX-ENGLISH




ABOUT THE POET

·      
   NAME – Kahlil Gibran
·         Born – January 6, 1883, Lebanon
·         Died – April 10, 1931, United States
·         He was a poet, painter, writer, philosopher and Visual Artist
·         Notable works –                     1) The Prophet
                                                2) Broken Wings
                                                3) The Earth Gods

ABOUT THE POEM

Image result for RAIN

Through the poem “Song of the rain”, Kahlil Gibran has presented us a piece us aesthetic beauty. He subtly points out the very mystical aspect of nature. Rain, a common phenomenon is catered in the most beauteous way. ‘Song of the rain’ is a eulogy of rain and its unseen aspects. The poem speaks in the first person i.e. the rain in personified form speaks.

SONG OF THE RAIN-A NATURE POEM

The poem in its core reflects ethereal aspects of nature. Fields and valley are elaborately connected by the rain droplets which are symbolically presented as “dotted silver threads”. The two pole asunder aspects, the heaven (sky) and the earth are imagined as beautifully connected by rain and thus nature is best epitomized. We start visualising nature with a different eye when we see the words like ‘hills laugh’, ‘beautiful pearls’, ‘embellish the garden’, ‘flowers rejoice etc.’ We are mesmerised when we read that the field and cloud are lovers and the rain works as the messenger. “Thirst of the land” and “ailment” of the cloud” overwhelm us as we feel there natural aspects with personified and unique angle. We are amazed when the very ordinary occurrence of rain, thunder and rainbow is presented in an artistic way. We are thrilled to imagine that apparently cacophony of the rain can be realised as delicate and sensitive song. The cycle of rain thus is marvellously expounded by Gibran as a perfect chronicle of natural events.

SONG OF THE RAIN-A POEM MEANT FOR THE SENSITIVES


There is not even a scintilla of doubt that “SONG OF THE RAIN” is a poem meant for the people possessing aesthetic sensibility. When the poet talks about embellishing the ‘garden’, it makes us feel something close to fantasy. ‘The laugh of hills’, ‘the rejoicing if flowers’, ‘messenger of mercy’, transport us to a realm where nature is imagined as lively. The poet again goes on saying about the sound that the rain droplets create. He opens up saying that only sensitive people can understand this. The rain droplets create a rhythmic music that common people fail to understand.


STANZA WISE EXPLANATIONS

“I am dotted.............
......................................
.................... and valleys”

Analysis – The whole poem is personified. Here ‘rain’ is personified in its different form. Here the rain is the speaker. At first the rain droplets compared herself as dotted silver threads (the droplet are silver in colour and while it comes down in a line appears to be a threads) which are dropped from the heaven (symbolised as sky) by the Gods. Then nature accepts her to decorate her fields and valleys.

Poetic devices in use: -
1)      Personification – throughout the poem ‘Rain’ is personified.
2)      Metaphor – “I am dotted silver threads.”
3)      Symbolism – i) dotted silver threads (silver colour rain droplets)
               ii) Heaven (sky)
4)      Alliteration – then takes 


STANZA – 2
“I am ......................................
..................................................
           The garden”

Analysis: - Again rain compares herself to beautiful pearls plucked from the crown of Ishtar. (Ishtar was the goddess of love, war, fertility and sexuality. She was the daughter of Anu. She was particularly worshipped in Northern Mesopotamia, at the Assyrian cities of Nineveh, Ashur and Arbela.) Here the rain droplets are like the pearls of the crown of Ishtar. As if these pearls are plucked by daughter of dawn to decorate the gardens. In other words the dew drops are like the pearls which add to the beauty of the gardens.

Poetic devices in use: -
1)      Metaphor – I am beautiful pearls
2)      Alliteration – pearls, plucked


  STANZA – 3
Image result for RAIN

“When I .......................................
.....................................................
.............................. are elated.”

Analysis: - when it cries (meant as showering of rain droplets from clouds) the hills laugh (hills rejoice for the nourishing rain which will revive everything on the hills). When it humbles itself (meaning showers slowly down towards the earth) the flowers become mirthful. Flowers become ecstatic as soft showers purify and rejuvenate them and when rain droplets bow (falls on ground and get soaked) everything- such as plants, animals or aquatic animals get necessary nourishment.

Poetic devices in use: -
1)      Anaphora -   When I..............
         When I..............
         When................
2)      Personification – “.......hills laugh”,..... flowers rejoice.”



STANZA – 4
The field .......................................
.....................................................
.............................. of me other.”

Analysis: - The field and the cloud are described as lovers. The field and the cloud are bound in mutual love of necessity. Both are dependent on each other and both are interlinked. And the work of messenger (love messenger) is accomplished by the rain. The word ‘mercy’ is used to the benefits that the rain droplets do. The rain droplets shower down on earth and thus quenches the thirst of the earth (saves earth from drought and does provide necessary nourishment) and cures the ailment (Here the clouds with brimming and overfilled state which is cured by the releasing of the rain droplets) of the clouds.

Poetic devices in use: -
1)      Antithesis – i) the field and the cloud
       ii) I quench the thirst of (one)
            I cure the ailment of the (other)
2)      Metaphor – i) The field and the cloud are lovers
       ii) I am a messenger of mercy
3)      Alliteration – the thirst,
4)      Anaphora – I quench........
        I cure..............

STANZA – 5

Analysis: - In this stanza the poet compares the life cycle of the rain to that of human. Besides, the poet artistically presents the scientific phenomenon of rainbow. The news of the arrival of rain is brought by thunder and departure is marked by the advent of the rain. As a human has the main phases of life birth – maturity and death, rain is also having the same cycle of life – birth (Evaporation), maturity (Condensation), and death (Showering of rainfall). Here rain said to begin at the feet of ‘mad elements’ (The poet might have meant the liquid and vapour in cloud which is filled with carbon, calcium, sodium, chlorine and thus under these mad elements rain is born) and dies under the upraised wings of death (upraised wings is meant as strong wind which blows the cloud away when the cloud becomes light after rainfall).




Poetic devices in use: -
1)      Anaphora – i) The voice
                              The rainbow

2)      Antithesis – i) ................... my arrival.
                              ................... my departure.

        ii) .................. which begins
             ................. and ends

3)      Personification – i) thunder declares
                                  ii) rainbow announces

4)      Simile              - I am like earthy life

5)      Enjambment       - “.................. which begins at
   The feet.....................”


           STANZA – 6


“I emerge ..............................................
..............................................................
..................................million little ways.”


Analysis: - As a part of the rain cycle, it originates in the form of evaporated air from land and water (Here meant as –emerging from sea) and soar with air. When there is any need of field for nourishment, rain droplets come down and embrace (abundant shower covering every nook and corner) the flowers and plants in million little droplets.

Poetic devices in use: -
1)      Alliteration – The trees



    STANZA – 7


“I touch..................................................
..............................................................
.....................................can understand”


Analysis: - Here the poet declares the sound of the rain droplets of song. At the outset he says how rain gently falls on (touch) window panes and the sound (here song) is like welcome song. He further goes on stating that the sound droplets could be heard as song and this is possible to the people of aesthetic sensibility, the sensitive people. 
           

Poetic devices in use: -
1)      Alliteration – windows with
2)      Enjambment  - ................................. with my
     Soft .......................................is a
     ............................welcome song.




                                       STANZA – 8

“The heat in me air gives birth to me,
But in turn I kill it,
As woman overcomes man with
The strength she takes from him.”

Note: - This stanza is not included in CBSE-CLASS-IX. Hence, analysis is not provided.
                                                         STANZA – 9

“I am the sigh of the sea;
The laughter of the field;
The tears of heaven.”

Analysis: - The first line says about the evaporated from (sigh) of the rain which goes up and changes into another form. ‘Sigh’ is even considered as pain of separation from the sea. The second line tells us about the joyous and mirthful state of the field. On receiving the rain droplets the field, turn nourished and fulfilled and thus becomes happy. The third line is meant for the situation when rain droplets are released from the cloud. This separation in the form of water droplets are explained as tears of heaven.


Poetic devices in use: -
1)      Metaphor – In all the three lines rain is compared with ‘sigh of the sea’, ‘laughter of the field’ and ‘tears of heaven.’

2)      Anaphora – The laughter
                          The tears

                                    STANZA – 10

“So with love
..........................................
..........................................
...........................of memories.”


Analysis: - In the last stanza the evaporated air is presented as ‘sighs’ which comes out of the deep sea of affection (The word here implies the relation between the sea and the evaporated air. It is like mother (sea) – and daughter (sigh- evaporated air).
Then it is explained as laughter from the colourful field. It hints at the fulfilment of the rain. Rain nourishes and provides necessary air for agriculture and other plants turning these as colourful. The word ‘spirit’ is used to mean the farmers who would be at the peak of mirth (spirit) when there is good produce in the fields.
Then rain is said as tears of heaven (already discussed) from endless heaven of memories. It is stated as memory which is endless. It is the memory of the life cycle of the rain which never ceases and is endless.


Written By Badal Paul
The author is a passionate blogger, writer and educationalist. This blog is created to ease troubles of the Cbse students. The author holds multiple blogs and the writer of the Novel KALCHAKRA, OOM AND THE CHOSEN FIVE.