Sunday, 24 August 2014

TEXTBOOK ANSWERS AND ANALYSIS THE SCHOOL BOY CBSE-CLASS-VIII-ENGLISH



ABOUT THE POET

·         William Blake
·         Born- 28 November 1757 London, Great Britain.
·         Death -12 August  1827  London, Great Britain.
·         He was a famous painter ,poet and printmaker .
·         Notable Works-
                       1) Songs of innocence and experience
                       2) The Marriage of Heaven and Hell
                       3 ) Jerusalem
                       4 ) The Four Zoas


ABOUT THE POEM

I love to rise in a summer morn,
When the birds sing on every tree;
The distant huntsman winds his horn,
And the skylark sings with me.
O! what sweet company.

But to go to school in a summer morn,
O! it drives all joy away;
Under a cruel eye outworn,
The little ones spend the day,
In sighing and dismay.

Ah! then at times I drooping sit,
And spend many an anxious hour.
Nor in my book can I take delight,
Nor sit in learning’s bower,
Worn thro’ with the dreary shower.

How can the bird that is born for joy,
Sit in a cage and sing.
How can a child when fears annoy,
But droop his tender wing,
And forget his youthful spring.
O! Father and Mother, if buds are nip’d,
And blossoms blown away,
And if the tender plants are strip’d
Of their joy in the springing day,
By sorrow and cares dismay,

How shall the summer arise in joy,
Or the summer fruits appear?

                                            WILLIAM BLAKE


The poem “The School Boy” belongs to Blake’s  “Songs of Innocence” and  “Songs of Experience” .It deals with the childhood and the natural world  .First the poem was published in 1979 edition in “Songs of Innocence “ but later on  it was i
included in ‘Songs of Experience “


STRUCTURE OF POEM

The poem “The School Boy “ is of 30 lines .We get six five line stanzas with a proper rhyme scheme .The poem rhymes as ABABB
    N.B.- The poem prescribed for Cbse Class viii (Honeydew )  contains 27 lines .The lines which are missing, are -
Or how shall we gather what griefs destroy
Or bless the mellowing year.
When the blasts of winter appear.
   
STANZAWISE EXPLANATION

STANZA -ONE (ONE)

I love to rise in a summer morn,
When the birds sing on every tree;
The distant huntsman winds his horn,
And the sky-lark sings with me.
O! what sweet company.

The speaker, a young boy , is mirthful in getting g up in a sweet and beautiful summer morning ..Sweet singing of the birds thrills and elates the boy .He likes the companionship of the hunters who move in the wood searching for his hunt.He likes to enjoy the sweet melodious music of the skylark.

STANZA –TWO (2)
But to go to school in a summer morn,
O! it drives all joy away;
Under a cruel eye outworn.
The little ones spend the day,
In sighing and dismay.
But whenever the boy thinks of going to the school, all his enjoyment and mirth fades away .He does not enjoy or learn anything under the cruel and fearful look of the teacher .Little kids like the boy spend their day in utter anxiety ,dejection and dismay .
STANZA –THREE (3)
Ah! then at times I drooping sit,
And spend many an anxious hour,
Nor in my book can I take delight,
Nor sit in learnings bower,
Worn thro' with the dreary shower.

With a spiritless drooping figure the boy does not pass hours in anxiety .He enjoys the lessons taught nor does the way his teacher teaches .Bower refers to leafy shelter .And here  ‘bower’ means to the school or the classroom in which the feels imprisoned ..He does not enjoy any lesson imparted in a dull manner.
STANZA FOUR –(4)
How can the bird that is born for joy,
Sit in a cage and sing.
How can a child when fears annoy.
But droop his tender wing.
And forget his youthful spring.

The poet here brings the example of a bird. A bird  which is meant for joy and freedom will never be sing in a cage .Likewise a child who is always under a situation of  fear will forget his childlike tenets and drop down his wing of freedom and ecstasy. He will forget his childhood innocence and activities .

STANZA –FIVE(5)

O! father & mother. if buds are nip'd,
And blossoms blown away,
And if the tender plants are strip'd
Of their joy in the springing day,
By sorrow and care's dismay.

How shall the summer arise in joy.
Or the summer fruits appear. –

In this stanza the poet gives a message to the parents asking them some questions and acquainting to some situations .If the buds are destroyed before blooming ; if the flowers are driven away by the strong wind ; if the  plants are stripped of their branches and leaves , how will the summer become joyous and impart joy for us  or how will the fruits appear to elate and thrill us ?

TEXTBOOK  SOLUTIONS

Working With The Poem
1. Find three or four words/phrases in stanza 1 that reflect the child's
happiness and joy.

Answer- The words or phrases that reflect child’s happiness are-

1) song of the birds 2)song of the Skylark 3) the sound of the hunters in hunting 4) sweet company

2. In stanza 2, the mood changes. Which words/phrases reflect the
changed mood?

Answer- The words or Phrases reflecting child’s mood are –

1) I drooping sit 2) an anxious hour 3) drives all joy away 4) cruel eye outworn 4) singing and sighing

3. ‘A cruel eye outworn’ (stanza 2) refers to
(i) the classroom which is shabby/noisy.
(ii) the lessons which are difficult/uninteresting.
(iii) the dull/uninspiring life at school with lots of work and no play.
Mark the answer that you consider right.

Ans-(iii) the dull/uninspiring life at school with lots of work and no play.

4. ‘Nor sit in learning’s bower
worn thro’ with the dreary shower’
Which of the following is a close paraphrase of the lines above?
(i) Nor can I sit in a roofless classroom when it is raining.
(ii) Nor can I learn anything at school though teachers go on lecturing
and explaining.
(iii) Nor can I sit in the school garden for fear of getting wet in the rain.
Ans-(ii) Nor can I learn anything at school though teachers go on lecturing and explaining.


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Written By Badal Paul
The author is a passionate blogger, writer and educationalist. This blog is created to ease troubles of the Cbse students. The author holds multiple blogs and the writer of the Novel KALCHAKRA, OOM AND THE CHOSEN FIVE.