Working with the text.
Page – 50
A. Answer the following questions.
1. 1Where was Kalpana Chawla born? Why is she called an Indian – American? (3)
Ans:- Kalpana Chawla was born in Karnal, Haryana.
She was called as an Indian – American because her citizenship was not a pure one. She married to flight instructor Jean – Pierre Harrison and turned into a naturalised u.s. citizen.
2. When and why did she go to the u.s. who did she many?
Ans:- Having completed her B.Sc. in Aeronautical Engineering she decided to move to U.S. for higher studies. It was done against the strong will of her father. He went to u.s. to complete her masters degree. There she got married with Jean Pierre Harrison.
3. How did she become an astronaut? What gave her the idea that she could be an astronaut?
Ans:- First she completed her qualifying degree for a pi9lot she thought to take up another challenge. She applied for NASA’s space shuttle program. She was first selected and hired as a research scientist. Later in the year of 1994 she was selected for the training as an astronaut. Her aspirations that she could be an astronaut gave her the idea of being an astronaut.
4. What abilities must an astronaut have, according to the journalist?
Ans:- According to the journalist to be an astronaut only specialisation in subject is not enough. An astronaut must have an enormous ability to become an astronaut. An astronaut must know a lot about everything. An astronaut must have knowledge from biology to astrophysics to aeronautical engineering. And in this age of super-specialisation one must have encyclopaedic knowledge to be an astronaut.
5. Describe kalpana Chawla’s first mission in space.
Ans:- along with a Japanese and Ukrainian astronaut Kalpana Chawla had her first mission in space. This mission in space shuttle Columbia lasted for 15 days 16 hours 34 minutes. During this span of time they went around the earth for 252 times travelling 10.45 million Kilometres. They performed experiments such as polli9nating plants to observe food growth in space, and tests for making stronger metals and faster computer chips. The whole mission cost for 56 million dollars.
6. What does Kalpana Chawla say about pursuing a dream? Do you agree with her that success is possible?
Ans:- Kalpana Chawla is optimistic about pursuing a dream. She believes that path of a dream does exist and one needs to have the vision to find it and courage to get onto it.
Undoubtedly success is possible for those who work with diligence, ambition and determination. Kalpana Chawla, herself is a perfect example.
Question – B
Read the newspaper report to find the following facts about the Columbia’s ill-fated voyage.
1. Date and place of lift off – 16th January, 2003 Kennedy space centre, Florida.
2. Number of astronauts on board – Seven.
3. Number of days it stayed in space – 16
4. Number of experiments done by the scientists – 80
5. Date of return journey – 1st February, 2003
6. Height at which it lost contact – 200,000 feet
Match the following
1. Unprecedented space tragedy – A sad accident of a kind that has never happened in space.
2. Certified flight instructor – A person with the correct qualification to teaching people to fly planes.
3. Space mission – A set of jobs to be done in space b y a group.
4. Super specialisation – Great expertise in a limited field or a particular subject.
5. Encyclopaedic knowledge – Having knowledge of a wide variety subjects.
6. Awe – inspiring – something that causes feelings of respect and wonder.
7. In this age – Nowadays, in these time.
Q.b. Use these phrases of your own, after finding out their meanings.
1. Broke apart – meaning – break violently
Use in sentence – the police broke the door apart violently.
2. Streaked over – meaning – flashing brightly
Use in sentence – the stay streaked over by the thunder bold.
3. Spread across – meaning – Distributed
Use in sentence –- The disease has spread across the city.
4. Lifted off – meaning – To carry from a lower to higher position.
Use in sentence – The helicopter lifted off the whole cricket team.
5. Blast off – meaning – The time when a rocket or missile rise into the air.
Use in sentence – The missile had a blast off to the destination.
6. Went on – meaning – continued.
Use in sentence – Though he was sick, he continued his journey.
7. Cheered along – meaning – encouragement
Use in sentence – he cheered along the players for victory.
8. On board – meaning – on bus, ship or anything
Use in sentence – Is there any doc tor on board?” we have a sick passengers.
9. Carry on – meaning – To hold something while moving.
Use in sentence – He carried ON THE BABY IN HIS ARMS.
i) Identified – un identified ( ii) controlled – uncontrolled (iii) attended – unattended (iv) successful – unsuccessful (v) important – unimportant (vi) educated – uneducated (vii) interesting – uninteresting (viii) qualified – unqualified (ix) trained – untrained (x) answerable – unanswerable.