Wednesday, 2 April 2014



  Ø  Full Name – Archibald  Joseph Cronin

  Ø  Born – 19 July , 1896, Scotland

  Ø  Died – 6 January , 1981 , Switzerland

  Ø  He was known as a physician and a novelist

  Ø  Notable works
1.  The Citadel (1937)
2.  Three Lovers (1932)
3.  A Thing of Beauty  (1954)
4.  Beyond  This Place (1953)

  Ø  Awards-
1.  National Book Award ( U.S.) of 1937
2.  D.Litt. from Bowdoin College and Lafayette College



Two Gentlemen of Verona unfolds the true examples of gentlemen. Two kids, Nicola and Jocopo showed how to be like gentlemen even in the very adverse situation of life. Devoid of their age of immaturity, they presented the noblest way of living .They, like gentlemen showed sacrifice, nobility, and proved to be the right example of hope for humanity. There had been every possibility of their going on the track of evil to earn their livelihood and money for their sister , but they  took the righteous path and proved to be true gentlemen in the post war situation of uncertainty.

 Ø  Two Gentlemen of Verona ---An Inspirational Story.

We get stuffed with positive inspiration when we go through the story of Two Gentlemen of Verona. The two kids, whose parents had been the victim of war and only sister had been a patient of tuberculosis of spine, did not employ wrong path to meet the needs of life .They did the extreme hard work they could do to earn the pennies for the treatment of their sisters. They never considered their own requirements to be important .They sacrificed education, youthful pleasure, and desires for food, dress, and shelter and the tenets of their childhood for the sake of their sister.


Page – 9

5.  What do you understand by the following statements?

a)  “We do many things, sir,” Nicola answered seriously .He glanced at us hopefully.

 Answer- The author had been a bit confused when he got to see the boys who had been selling wild strawberries, were polishing shoes. On questioning Nicola acquainted him about their multifarious assays to earn pennies. At this tender age they were in the fight for survival .In the post war situation work had been scarce but they proved to skillful and competent enough to earn the needs. Nicola’s hopeful glance at the author shows their zeal and dedication for work.

b ) He coloured deeply under his sunburn and then grew pale.

Answer-Out of curiosity the author asked the boys about what they do with their money. They do not put on good dress, do not eat good food and work so hard. Nicola felt embarrassed at this question. He did not want anyone to circumvent into their personal affair. He turned pale at the question as it was  beyond his expectation and avoided to answer.

c) He smiled uncomfortably. “Just plans sir,” he answered in a low voice.

Answer-The author was curious about the whereabouts of the two brothers. He stated that they must be saving money to go to the States. At this when Nicola said about certain plans the author asked again about their plans. Nicola was in the state of uneasiness .He did not want to disclose even a bit about their plans to a stranger. To avoid the intrusion of the author he repeated in a low voice- “Just plans sir”. He wanted their personal affairs not to be interfered.

d) Yet in both these boyish faces there was a seriousness which was far beyond their years.

Answer- Cruelty of war is reflected in the story .Nicola and Jocopo, the two boys of just 13 and 12 do every bit of physical labour to earn every penny .At this age, and they should have been to school, enjoying their childhood, spending time in fun and games. But they had to adopt a life where they had to face the odds of life. They had been children, but had lost the tenets of childhood .Their childhood was replaced by the seriousness and anxiety of earning to meet the needs of their sister’s medicinal expenses.

6. Answer the following questions briefly.
 a) Why didn't Luigi, the driver, approve of the two boys?

Answer- Being a driver, Luigi has enough experience about the knaves and their bluffing nature. When the author and his friend encountered with Jocopo and Nicola selling wild strawberries, Luigi warned the author to avoid them. It was their ragged and torn dress, dirty look which made Luigi disapprove them. According to Luigi those boys were knaves and they would sell them bad strawberries.

b) Why were the narrator and his companion impressed by the two boys?

 Answer- Apparently the two boys did not bear any remarkable appearance to be categorized of respectable belongings .But the author found something strangely special in the two boys which attracted them towards the boys. The author found the guileless kids in their dark earnest eyes. Their simplicity, innocence and childish appearance mesmerized the author.

c) Why was the author surprised to see Nicola and Jocopo working as shoeshine boys?

Answer- The author found the two boys as fruit sellers on the other day. He built a fixed notion of them as fruit sellers. But next day he was surprised when he was coming out of his hotel, he found them shining shoes beside the fountain in the public square. The author did not expect to meet them again shining shoes.

d) How were the boys useful to the author?

Answer- Both Nicola and Jocopo proved themselves to be propitious and favourable to the author and his friend. They proved to be prompt and skilful in the need of the author and his friend. If the author and his friend required a pack of American cigarettes or seats for the opera or the name of a good restaurant, Jocopo and Nicola proved handy to meet their needs.

 e) Why were the boys in the deserted square at night? What character traits do they exhibit?

 Answer –The boys had been at the deserted square at night resting on the pavements waiting for the bus from Padua. They had a bundle of newspapers with them which they intended to sale among the passengers.
This shows that they did not submit to adverse situations of life. Rather they chose to face them. To earn money they can go to any extent .They went beyond their age and showed extreme diligence and determination to get what they required.

 f) The narrator asked the boys, "Must you work so hard? You both look rather tired." The boys reply, "We are not complaining, sir." What do you learn about the boys from their reply?

Answer-The boys are the greatest hope for the present form of society who upon misfortunes tread on the wrong track .They made friendship with pain, sufferings, struggle, diligence, and above all the right path to earn their livelihood .They do not mind their hard work because to them their sister’s ailment was the sole motto .To see their sister fine again they can do whatever possible.

g) When the narrator asks the boys about their plans, they are evasive. Why don’t they disclose their problems?

Answer- It was post war situation. Trust and faith often gets baffled. The author was just a tourist .They did gain faith to the boys. They could not disclose their personal plans to a stranger. They were independent to face their own troubles successfully. Besides, they have seen the darker side of the world and knew that it was not safe to confide their personal matters with a stranger.

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