ABOUT THE AUTHOR
· Firdaus Kanga.
· Born 1960 Bombay.
· He is a writer and actor.
· Presently lives in U.K.
· Famous works –
1) Trying to grow.
2) Heaven on wheels.
3) Sixth Happiness (Film)
- ABOUT STEPHEN HAWKING –
· Full Name – Stephen William Hawking.
· Born – 8 January 1942, Oxford, England
· Known for-
1) Hawking Radiation
2) Penrose – Hawking theorems
3) A brief History of Time.
· Awards – 1) Albert Einstein Award (1978)
2) Wolf Prize (1988)
3) Presidential Medal of Freedom (2009)
· Stephen Hawking moves in the wheel chair as he is a patient of a motor neuron disease related to Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) . He lost the vitality of his body and speaks only through a computer voice. He is considered as a living legend in the field of science.
TEXT BOOK SOLUTIONS
Q. 4 Answer the following questions.
1. Did the prospect of meeting Stephen Hawking make the writer nervous?
Ans- Indeed, the writer was nervous and tensed. He was about to meet the world famous scientist Stephen Hawking. This feeling will make any human nervous. Stephen Hawking, the great astrophysicist of the world is not an ordinary person to meet. Besides, the writer was nervous because Stephen Hawking achieved the great height in spite of the paralyzed body which was a matter of awe and admiration.
ii) Did he at the same time feel very excited? If so, why?
Ans- Yes, undoubtedly the prospect of meeting Stephen Hawking made Firdaus Kanga excited. The writer was about to meet someone who is world famous in spite of the fact that he is confined in the wheel chair because of a motor neuron disease. As he was also confined in wheelchair, Firdaus Kanga was excited to behold Stephen Hawking who is a living inspiration and encouragement as he did not submit to his physical deficiencies.
Q.2. Guess the first questions put to the scientist by the writer.
Ans.- As we come across the text, it can be assumed that the writer might have asked Stephen Hawking at first if he had been brave to reach where he had.
Q. 3 Stephen Hawking said, “I ‘have had no choice”. Does the writer think there was a choice? What was it?
Ans.- The writer perhaps considered the choice which common people go for. Common people with this kind of physical disabilities go for leading a life of hopelessness, dejection and devoid of any positive activity. Likewise he could stepped on the path of the common people, but he thought otherwise and established himself with a great difference.
Q.4 “I could feel his anguish”. What could be the anguish?
Ans.- This is the anguish of Stephen Hawking. He has a disintegrating physic which does not allow him to function smoothly. His mind is filled with buoyant thoughts, but his physic is like a dead corpse which does not allow him to communicate with others naturally.
To express his thoughts, he needs to depend on the computer. Communicating through computer often turns out to be a futile effort. Whenever he fails to expand his thoughts through the machine, he feels anguish.
Q.5 What endeared the scientist to the writer so that he said he was looking at one of the most beautiful men in the world?
Ans. - Both of them shared their views about different aspects of being disabled and churned inspiration. Mesmerized at Stephen Hawking’s greatness, Findaus Kanga questioned him if he got annoyed if anyone disturbed him. At this Stephen Hawking smiled and immediately the writer witnessed the most beautiful person of the world. This beauty is not the physical beauty. This is the beauty of that master who showed humanity true intelligence, a reflection of greatness and satisfaction of high attainments. This is the beauty of the mental strength which does not know surrender, which does not learn to confine in the physical limitations.
Q.6 Read aloud t he description of the beautiful’ man. Which is the most beautiful sentence in the description?
Ans.- According to me the most beautiful description lies in the following sentence –
“You look at his eyes which can speak, still and they are saying something huge and urgent – it is hard to tell what.”
Q- 1) i) If ‘the lantern’ is the man, what would its ‘walls’ be?
Ans. - If the lantern is the man, then walls should be the body of the man.
ii) What is housed within the thin walls?
Ans. Within the thin walls there is the incandescence or inner glow of man.
iii) What general conclusion does the writer draw from this comparison?
Ans. Body is not important for a person’s success in life. Body is just an accessory and is irrelevant to one’s internal spirit. It is like a case of shadows which has to do nothing to what we mean as success. Soul is what matters. If you are the strongest and bear indomitable spirit success is yours. No physical trouble can stop you.
Q.8 What is the scientist’s message to the disabled?
Ans. Unique and significant was the thought of Stephen Hawking when he talked about disabled. According to him a disabled should concentrate on their strength. He said that the disabled should concentrate on what they are good at.
Q.9 Why does the written refer to the guitar incident? Which idea does it support?
Ans.- While discussing about disabled, Firdaus Kanga agreed to Stephen Hawking’s opinion. He gave his own example to justify the statement. Once he tried to have mastery over Spanish guitar which was larger than him. Out of resentment one day he unstringed it and was very happy. Through this he wants show his support to the opinion of Stephen Hawking i.e. the disabled should concentrate on what they are good at.
Q.10. The writer expresses his great gratitude to Stephen Hawking. What is the gratitude for?
Ans. The writer here shows his highest obeisance to Stephen Hawking for Stephen Hawking had been a constant source of inspiration for him. He considered him as an embodiment whom he believed and moved towards. He finds his bravest self in Stephen Hawking. If he had been brave, like Stephen Hawking, he would have achieved great success.
He expressed his greatest gratitude for he could realize that in this disabled state even he realized what great achievement he could attain.
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