ABOUT THE POET
· Name – Thomas Hardy
· Born – 2nd June 1840, Stinsford, Dorset England.
· Died – 11 January 1928 Dorset England.
· Thomas Hardy is famous as a poet, Novelist and short story writer.
· Famous works- i) Tess of the d’Urbervilles(1891)
ii) Far from the madding crowd, (1874)
iii) Judge, the obscure (1895)
iv) The return of the Native (1818)
SUMMARY OF THE POEM
The poet is a young architect who went to Lyonnesse to supervise the renovation work of a dilapidated church. It was 100 miles away. It was winter season and snowfall was at the peak. He was in solitary state and during his journey he witnessed starlight. He becomes conscious about what would happen at Lyonnesse when he would stay there. According to him no prophet can declare this. And even a wizard would not be able to say what would happen at Lyonnesse. When he returned from Lyonnesse, he had magic in his eyes. All could understand that he was filled with a rare and immeasurable radiance.
SOURCE AND THE STRUCTURE
“When I set out for Lyonnesse” was published in the 1914 collection of poems entitled “Satires of Circumstance, Lyrics and Reveries”.
· This is a poem of 18 lines divided in 3 stanzas.
· The rhyme scheme of the poem is -A B B B A A B
· The major poetic devices used in the poem are-
a) Alliteration – i) What would
ii) Should sojourn
iii) Drust declare
iv) wisest wizard
b) Repetition - i) When I set out for Lyonnesse. A hundred rules away.
ii) What would bechance at Lyonnesse
while I should sojowin there.
iii) When I returned from Lyonnesse
with magic in my eyes.
· Lyonnesse - According to Arthurian Legend, especially in the story of ‘Tristram and Iseult” Lyonnesse is a country. It is believed as the birth place of Tristan. It is believed that Lyonnesse has sunk beneath the waves after the Tristan stories took place.
Working with the poem
1. In the first stanza, find the words that show –
i) that it is very cold –
Ans – “The time was on spray’
ii) that it was late evening –
iii) that the traveler was alone –
2. i) Ans:- Something happened at Lyonnesse. It was- “unforseable”
ii) The lines that justify the answer are-
“No prophet drust declare
Nor did the wisest wizard guess”.
3. i) Read the line (stanza-3) that implies the following
“Everyone noticed something, and they made guesses, but didn’t speak a word’
Ans.- “All marked with mute surmise”.
ii) Now read the line that refers to what they noticed.
Ans. - “My radiance rare and fathomless”.
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