Saturday, 26 October 2013

OZYMANDIAS CBSE – CLASS – X – ENGLISH



ABOUT THE POET


·         Percy Bysshe Shelly.

·         Born – 4 August 1792.

·         Died – 8 July 1822.

·         Shelly was famous posthumously.

·         Shelly was one of the prime poets of romanticism.

·         Famous works:-

1) The revolt of Islam (1817)

2) Frankenstein. (1818)

3) Ode to the West wind (1819)

4) To a Skylark (1820) etc.

BACKGROUND OF THE POEM

·         Ozymandias was written in competition with his friend Horace Smith.

·         It  was first published in the 11 January issue of “The Examiner in London”.

·         He published this sonnet under the pen name Glirastes.

·         It is believed that the name ozymandias is taken from the great Egyptian king Ramesses – II.
                                                                          

STRUCTURE OF THE POEM

            *Ozymandias is a sonnet in Petrarchan pattern. The whole poem is in Iambic Pentameter. The rhyme scheme is quite unusual and does not match with the Petrarchan pattern. The rhyme scheme is

ABABACDC – Octave (8 lines).

EDE FEF – (Sestet (6 lines).

We find the Volta in line no – 9 bringing a change in the theme.

THEMES

1.  TIME – THE SUPREME WINNER

In the poem Ozymandias, we get see time to be the ultimate winner. Ozymandias built his statue and other things to show the posterity his might. But time destroys everything and so did the statue of Ozymandias.

2.  EPHEMERAL STATUE

The poem gives us an idea that things created by the humans are all subject to decay, decline and destruction. The statue of Ozymandias made with delicacy is in ruins in the desert.
                                                                               

3. VANITY

We can find the sense of vanity exposed in the poem. The statue of Ozymandias with frowning look, wrinkled lip, sneers of cold commands and the words, “My name is Ozymandias . . . . despair” show vanity of a fool.

4.  PERFECTION OF SCULPTURE

The poem acquaints us with the perfection of Art. The statue which, is created by the sculpture, is indeed a delicate portrayal of Ozymandias. ‘Frowning look’, ‘wrinkled up’, ‘sneer of cold command’ etc. talk of about perfect sculpting but at the same time shows the ephemeral state of man made things.  
                                                                     

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Written By Badal Paul
The author is a passionate blogger, writer and educationalist. This blog is created to ease troubles of the Cbse students. The author holds multiple blogs and the writer of the Novel KALCHAKRA, OOM AND THE CHOSEN FIVE.