· Percy Bysshe Shelly.
· Born – 4 August 1792.
· Died – 8 July 1822.
· Shelly was famous posthumously.
· Shelly was one of the prime poets of romanticism.
· Famous works:-
1) The revolt of Islam (1817)
2) Frankenstein. (1818)
3) Ode to the West wind (1819)
4) To a Skylark (1820) etc.
BACKGROUND OF THE POEM
· Ozymandias was written in competition with his friend Horace Smith.
· It was first published in the 11 January issue of “The Examiner in London”.
· He published this sonnet under the pen name Glirastes.
STRUCTURE OF THE POEM
*Ozymandias is a sonnet in Petrarchan pattern. The whole poem is in Iambic Pentameter. The rhyme scheme is quite unusual and does not match with the Petrarchan pattern. The rhyme scheme is
ABABACDC – Octave (8 lines).
EDE FEF – (Sestet (6 lines).
We find the Volta in line no – 9 bringing a change in the theme.
1. TIME – THE SUPREME WINNER
In the poem Ozymandias, we get see time to be the ultimate winner. Ozymandias built his statue and other things to show the posterity his might. But time destroys everything and so did the statue of Ozymandias.
2. EPHEMERAL STATUE
The poem gives us an idea that things created by the humans are all subject to decay, decline and destruction. The statue of Ozymandias made with delicacy is in ruins in the desert.
We can find the sense of vanity exposed in the poem. The statue of Ozymandias with frowning look, wrinkled lip, sneers of cold commands and the words, “My name is Ozymandias . . . . despair” show vanity of a fool.
4. PERFECTION OF SCULPTURE
The poem acquaints us with the perfection of Art. The statue which, is created by the sculpture, is indeed a delicate portrayal of Ozymandias. ‘Frowning look’, ‘wrinkled up’, ‘sneer of cold command’ etc. talk of about perfect sculpting but at the same time shows the ephemeral state of man made things.
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