Tuesday, 24 September 2013

Figures of speech


Figures of speech -Part -I
CBSE English textbooks and questions often puzzle the students with the literary terms .To overcome these hindrances this post on the figures of speeches has been added to the archive. Hope to find this to be helpful. Here it is the first part- I of the two segments.
A.   Simile –
It is a figure of speech in which two different things are compared in an explicit way.

Ex- 1) He is as proud as a peacock.
   
       2) My heart is like a singing bird.

        3) The soul was like a star that dwelt apart.

B.      METAPHOR-
                    It is a figure of speech in which two different things are compared in implied way.

Ex – 1) The camel is the ship of the desert.

         2) He is the only hope of the family.

         3) Life is but an empty dream.
                  C.    Antithesis-
                                             It is a figure of speech in which contradictory words are placed against each other to have a balance.

                             Ex—1) Art is long life is short.
                                      2)  Many are called but few are chosen.
                                       3) To err is human, to forgive is divine.

D       Oxymoron-
                                It is a o figures speech in which contradictory words are placed side by side to raise a striking effect.

            Ex—1) My life is an open secret.
                     2) He is regularly irregular.

                     3) It was a pleasing fear.


      E.     Epigram-
                             It is a figure of speech in which a sharp, witty and polished saying is made with a striking effect. At first it gives us a shock but after a deep thought the meaning gets clear.

                Ex—1) Failures are the pillars of success.

                        2) The child is the father of the man.

                       3) He makes no friend who never made a foe.

        F.    Climax-
                                 It is a figure of speech in which a series of words, phrases, or ideas is arranged in an ascending order of importance.

                 EX—1) He was a thief, a plunderer, and an assassin.

                          2)  We shall hear him, we shall follow him, and we shall die with him.
                                  
                          3) To strive, to seek, to find and not to yield.

          G .   Anti Climax—
                                            It is a figure of speech in which there is a sudden fall from a lofty state to the mean state creating a ludicrous effect.

                   Ex- 1) puffs, powers, patches, Bibles and billet doux.

                          2) In yesterday’s storm she lost her house, wealth, husband and her lap dog.

                           3) Poets and pigs are not appreciated until they are dead.  

           H.   Transferred Epithet-
                                                    It is a figure of speech in which an epithet (adjective) is transferred from the object to which it properly belongs to another with which it is mentally associated.

                    Ex- 1) She passed a sleepless night .
                            
                            2) He spent a happy day.

                            3) He shot a cruel arrow.

I.                  Hyperbole  -
                        It is a figure of speech in which a deliberate overstatement or exaggeration is   made for emphasis.

Ex- 1) she wept an ocean of tears.

       2)  I am tired to death.

        3) Belinda smiled and all the world was gay.

                                       J. Innuendo
                                                                It is a figure of speech in which something damaging or unpleasant is artfully stated instead of being plainly stated.

                                                        Ex—1) The frame of the picture is excellent indeed.

                                                                2)  A word to the wise is sufficient.

                                                                  3)    The hungry judges soon the sentences sign.  

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Written By Badal Paul
The author is a passionate blogger, writer and educationalist. This blog is created to ease troubles of the Cbse students. The author holds multiple blogs and the writer of the Novel KALCHAKRA, OOM AND THE CHOSEN FIVE.