Friday, 31 March 2017

1001 one word substitutions for competitive exams


“1001-ONE WORD SUBSTITUTIONS FOR COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS” is aimed to benefit the numerous students of schools, colleges, universities and other Competitive Examinations like BANK PO, Clerk, IBPS, SBI-PO, RBI, MBA, MAT, CAT, IIFT, IGNOU, SSC CGL, CBI, CPO, CLAT, CTET, NDA, CDS etc. Great care and effort have been put to make the total list alphabetically and prior to important ones. I hope that numerous students will be benefitted by this little assay. 



1.      Aborigines
A person, animal, or plant that has been in a country or region from earliest times.
2.      Abridge
Shorten (a book, film, speech, etc.) without losing the sense.
3.      Absolute Zero
The lowest temperature that is theoretically possible, at which the motion of particles which constitutes heat would be minimal. 
4.      Accelerate
(Especially of a vehicle) begin to move more quickly.
5.      Acerose
Needlelike, as the leaves of pine
6.      Access
The means or opportunity to approach or enter a place.
7.      Accessible
Objects having life in them.
8.      Acoustics
The properties or qualities of a room or building that determine how sound is transmitted in it.
9.      Acrophobia
Extreme or irrational fear of heights.
10.  Acumen
The ability to make good judgments and take quick decisions.
11.  Ad hoc
Created or done for a particular purpose as necessary.
12.  Adolescence
The period following the onset of puberty during which a young person develops from a child into an adult.
13.  Adulation
Excessive admiration or praise
14.  Aerial
Existing, happening, or operating in the air.
15.  Aeronautics
The science or practice of building or flying aircraft.
16.  Aesthetic
A set of principles underlying the work of a particular artist or artistic movement.
17.  Aestivate
Spend a hot or dry period in a prolonged state of torpor or dormancy.
18.  Affidavit
A written statement confirmed by oath or affirmation, for use as evidence in court.
19.  Affinity     
A natural liking for and understanding of someone or something.
20.  Aggravate
Make (a problem, injury, or offence) worse or more serious.
21.  Anglophobe
A person having a strong dislike of England or Britain.
22.  Agnostic
A person who believes that nothing is known or can be known of the existence or nature of God.
23.  Agoraphobia
Extreme or irrational fear of open or public places.
24.  Alimony
A husband's (or wife's) provision for a spouse after separation or divorce; maintenance.
25.  Allegory
A story in which ideas are symbolized as people.
26.  Allusive
Using or containing suggestion rather than explicit mention.
27.  Alluvial
Relating to or derived from alluvium.
28.   Altimeter
An instrument for determining altitude attained, especially a barometric or radar device fitted in an aircraft
29.  Altruist
A person who thinks unselfishly for others.
30.  Amateur
A person who engages in a pursuit, especially a sport, on an unpaid basis.
31.  Ambidextrous
Able to use the right and left hands equally well.
32.  Ambivert
One who turns thoughts both inwards and outwards.
33.  Ammeter
An instrument for measuring electric current in amperes.
34.  Amnesty
An official pardon for people who have been convicted of political offences.
35.  Amphibian
A cold-blooded vertebrate animal of a class that comprises the frogs, toads, newts, salamanders, and caecilians.
36.  Amphibious
Relating to, living in, or suited for both land and water.
37.  Ample
Enough or more than enough; plentiful.
38.  Analgesia
Loss of ability to feel pain while still conscious.
39.  Anarchy
The absence of Government in a country.
40.  Anachronism
A thing belonging or appropriate to a period other than that in which it exists, especially a thing that is conspicuously old-fashioned.
41.  Anachronistic
Belonging to a period other than that being portrayed.
42.  Analogy
A comparison between one thing and another, typically for the purpose of explanation or clarification.
43.  Anarchist
A person who believes in or tries to bring about anarchy.
44.  Anatomist
An expert in anatomy.
45.  Anatomy
The branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans, animals, and other living organisms, especially as revealed by dissection and the separation of parts.
46.  Anesthetics
A substance that induces insensitivity to pain.
47.  Anemometer
An instrument for measuring the speed of the wind, or of any current of gas.
48.  Annihilate
Destroy utterly; obliterate.
49.  Annuity
A fixed sum of money paid to someone each year, typically for the rest of their life.
50.  Annular

A thing which is ring-shaped.


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Friday, 30 September 2016

Class 12 CBSE Physics Practical To find refractive index of a liquid by using a concave mirror Experiment #18

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Thursday, 29 September 2016

Class 12 CBSE Physics Practical To study the characteristics of a npn or pnp transistor common - emitter Experiment #17

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Image result for federalism symbol

1. Locate the following States on a blank outline political map of India: Manipur, Sikkim, Chhattisgarh and Goa.


Image result for 1. Locate the following States on a blank outline political map of India: Manipur, Sikkim, Chhattisgarh and Goa. ;;..\

2. Identify and shade three federal countries (other than India) on a blank outline political map of the world.

Image result for 2. Identify and shade three federal countries (other than India) on a blank outline political map of the world.

3. Point out one feature in the practice of federalism in India that is similar to and one feature that is different from that of Belgium.

 Answer: - One similar feature of Federalism between India and Belgium-In India, just like in Belgium, the central government has to share its powers with the regional governments. But, unlike India, Belgium has a community government in addition to the central and the state government.

4. What is the main difference between a federal form of government and a unitary one? Explain with an example.


Federal government
Unitary government
1. In a federal form of government, the central government shares its powers with the various constituent units of the country.
1. In a unitary form of government either there is only one level of government or the sub-units are subordinate to the central government.
2. In a federal system, the central government cannot order the state government to do something. State government has powers to do something of its own for which it is not answerable to the central government.
Example: India, USA, Canada
2. The central government can pass on orders to the provincial or the local government.

5. State any two differences between the local government before and after the Constitutional amendment in 1992.


Local governments Before 1992

Local governments After 1992
         1. Elections were not held regularly
1. It is constitutionally mandatory to hold regular elections to local government bodies.

          2.Local governments did not have any power or resources of their own
2. The State governments are required to share some powers and revenue with local government bodies.

6. Fill in the blanks:
Since the United States is a coming together   type of federation, all the constituent States have equal powers and States are strong vis-à-vis the federal government. But India is a together type of federation and some States have more power than others. In India, the Central government has more powers.

7. Here are three reactions to the language policy followed in India. Give an argument and an example to support any of these positions.

Sangeeta: The policy of accommodation have strengthened national unity.
Arman: Language based States has divided us by making everyone conscious of their language.
Harish: This policy has only helped to consolidate the dominance of English over all other languages.

Answer:- Sangeeta's reaction is the best. Unlike Sri Lanka (where the language of the majority has been promoted), the Indian polity has given equality of status to all the major languages spoken in the country.If the policy of accommodation was not followed, and states were not created on linguistic basis, there would have been further partition of India. For example, imposition of Hindi as the national language would have led the South to break away from the North and Tamil Nadu would have become an independent nation.'

8. The distinguishing feature of a federal government is:
(a) National government gives some powers to the provincial government.
(b) Power is distributed among the legislature, executive and judiciary.
(c) Elected officials exercise supreme power in the government.
(d) Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.

Answer:- (d) Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.

9. A few subjects in various Lists of the Indian Constitution are given here. Group them under the Union, State and Concurrent Lists as provided in the table below.

A. Defence; B. Police; C. Agriculture; D. Education;
E. Banking; F. Forests; G. Communications; H. Trade; I. Marriages
Union List
State List
Concurrent List
Union List

State List

Concurrent List


Union List
Defence, Banking, Communications
State List
Police, Agriculture, Trade
Concurrent List
Education, Forests, Marriages

10. Examine the following pairs that give the level of government in India and the powers of the government at that level to make laws on the subjects mentioned against each. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

(a) State government State List
(b) Central government Union List
(c) Central and State governments Concurrent List
 (d) Local governments Residuary powers

Answer:- (d) Local governments Residuary powers

11. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List I
List II

1. Union of India
A. Prime Minister

2. State
B. Sarpanch

3. Municipal Corporation
C. Governor

4. Gram Panchayat
D. Mayor







12. Consider the following two statements.

A. In a federation the powers of the federal and provincial governments are clearly demarcated.

B. India is a federation because the powers of the Union and State Governments are specified in the Constitution and they have exclusive jurisdiction on their respective subjects.

C. Sri Lanka is a federation because the country is divided into provinces.

D. India is no longer a federation because some powers of the States have been devolved to the local government bodies. Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) A, B and C (b) A, C and D (c) A and B only (d) B and C only

Answer:- (c) A and B only.

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