Tuesday, 8 October 2019


Lines 1-2
Some say the world will end in fire,
Some say in ice.
At the outset, the poet starts with the question of ending the world. What does he mean? Does he mean the Apocalypse, complete annihilation or is he referring to the doomsday? Whatever might be, he indicates the destruction of the world. The poet here symbolically means that the destruction of the world will take place due to the fire or the ice. Here fire indicates human emotion and desire whereas the ice indicates hatred. Some philosophers, for example, have divided the human soul into "rational" and "animal" components, where the "rational" is cool and deliberate, while the "animal" is hot and hasty.

Word Meanings
1.  Alliteration
a.  Some say;
b.  World will
2.  Antithesis-
a.  Fire…..ice

Lines 3-4
From what I've tasted of desire
I hold with those who favor fire.
In the above lines, the poet talks about the desire i. e. symbolic replica of fire. The poet goes on referring desire as hot emotion and he states that he is in favour of those who are lined up with the fire. He begins with the word ‘Tasted’ which indicates that he has already experienced the pang of human emotions and desires. In a way, the poet affirms that he knows how powerful fire can be as a tool for the destruction of the world.

Word Meanings
1. tasted-(here) experienced
2. hold- (here) support
3.  Alliteration
a.  favor fire;
Line 5
But if it had to perish twice,
This very line takes us to question why would the poet wish the world to be the perished again? And if the world had to be perished a second time why would not the fire be the tool again to do this? Perhaps the poet wishes us to consider the fact that fire dealing with hot impulsive emotions is animal in nature and thus instinctive and not well thought. Whereas icy actions require proper thought cool-headedness and no impulsive action.

Word Meanings

1.     perish- destroy

Lines 6-8
I think I know enough of hate
To say that for destruction ice
Is also great
Like the fire denoting the emotion and desire, the poet has even experienced hate wich is similar to icy cold emotion. We are not aware of how the poet has known enough of ice in other way hate. He thinks alongside of impulsive anger hatred is also a great tool which is another great way by which this world will see its end.

Word Meanings
1.  Symbolism- Ice as hatred
Line 9
And would suffice.
The concluding line puts us in a dilemma whether the fire is stronger than ice or vice versa. Overall he suggests that whether it is fire or ice, both are enough(suffice) for the happening, the end of the world.

Word Meanings
1      1. Suffice- enough

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Thursday, 3 October 2019

Complete Analysis of "Fire and Ice" by Robert Frost || CBSE CLASS 10 ENGLISH || B.P. TUTORIALS || CBSENCERTANSWERS


       Robert Frost is one of the most eminent and finest American poets.
·       Birthday: March 26, 1874, San Francisco, California
·       Nationality:
·       Died ON- January 29, 1963 at the age: 88
·       Place of Death: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
·       Epitaphs: I Had A Lover's Quarrel with The World

Major Works

1.     A Boy's Will (1913 U.K. edition, 1915 U.S. edition)
2.     North of Boston (1914 U.K. edition, 1915 U.S. edition)
3.     Mountain Interval (1916)
4.     New Hampshire (1923)
5.     West-running Brook (1928)
6.     The Lovely Shall Be Choosers (1929)
7.      Collected Poems (1930)

          Pulitzer Prize, New Hampshire (1924)
2.     Pulitzer Prize, Collected Poems (1931)
3.     Pulitzer Prize, A Further Range (1937)
4.     Pulitzer Prize, A Witness Tree (1943)
5.     Congressional Gold Medal (1960)
6.     Poet Laureate of Vermont (1961)
7.     Edward MacDowell Medal (1962)


"Fire and Ice" is one of Robert Frost's most popular poems. It was published in December 1920 in Harper's Magazine and in 1923 in his Pulitzer Prizewinning book New Hampshire. It discusses the end of the world, likening the elemental force of fire with the emotion of desire, and ice with hate.
Hatred and desire are the two very important components of the poem which are rather self-destructive. It is our emotions and desires, if not controlled and assuaged will ultimately lead to destruction unimaginable. It is one of Frost's best-known and most anthologized poems.


Robert Frost wrote the poem Fire and Ice in 1920 in an interesting way of rhyme scheme.
As we check on the background of the poem we find that there are two sources from where Robert Frost might have been inspired from.
The concept of the ways of the destruction of the world might be from the by Dante's Inferno, Canto 32 which was written in the 14th century by the title of “DIVINE COMEDY”.
Another source states that following a conversation with astronomer Harlow Shapley about the end of the world Robert Frost, might have been inspired about writing the poem after he had conversed with him. According to the astronomer on questioned by Robert Frost, he said that said that either the sun will explode or the earth will slowly freeze. Take your pick.


Robert Frost, in this poem, has used a very interesting rhyme scheme. He has used here a modified version of the rhyming scheme is known as terza rima where the second line of the first tercet rhymes fully with the first and third lines of the next. This was invented by none other than Dante in his Divine Comedy.
Fire and Ice is a nine-line single stanza poem which rhymes with the metrical pattern of iambic tetrameter and dimeter.
The rhyme scheme is: aba abc bcb .
The poem Fire and Ice is constructed with Alliteration, allusion, enjambment, Symbolism etc. Find detailed one in the line by line analysis,

In his poem “Fire and Ice” Robert Frost with the power of symbolism has catered us two elements of destructions by nature i.e. fire and ice
According to him, there are two beliefs in the world by which this world will come to
complete annihilation.
Some believe that that fire would be the reason for the destruction of the world. Here fire is actually attributed to emotions and the desire of the people if the earth which would be the reason for the self-destruction of world.
Whereas the other group is of the opinion that the world will come to an end because of the ice which is symbolic of hatred. According to the poet, it has such power of devastation that it would one day with its power of hemlock bring an end to the world.
Poet gave some reasons and said both elements are capable to destroy the world by comparing it with human life. ‘Fire’ symbolizes human desires are just like the flames of fire which never end. Human desires are the main driving force which can compel a person to go to any extent to the fulfilment of those desires. Further, he said, ‘Ice’ is also equally capable to destroy the world. He associated it with cold-blooded hatred which modern man has for fellow human beings.

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Saturday, 28 September 2019


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                                                                            REVISION TEST

CBSE-CLASS-XI                           ENGLISH                       FULL MARKS-35 TIME---1.15HR

A.    Answer the following questions in about 30-40 words each. (any five)   5x3=15  
a)      How is time delineated in the poem “A Photograph”?
b)     Consider the grandmother as a religious lady.
c)      How was Mourad different from others?
d)     Compare the different schools. (the portrait of a lady)
e)      Discuss the craziness of Aram and Mourad for the horse.
f)      How was grandmother kind of animals?
g)     Narrate the incident where Aram and Mourad met John Byro?
h)     How did grandmother pass away?

B.     Answer the following in about 150  words each(any two):- 6x2=12

a.      How does Mourad have away with everything?
b.      How did the bond between grandmother and the author get weak gradually?
c.      How do the themes of melancholy and Nostalgia make the poem “Photograph”?

C.     Answer the following questions in about one or two words.   (any seven) 7

1.      What would grandmother feed the village dogs?
2.      After how many years the author returned from abroad?
3.      Who were in the photograph?
4.      “Washed their terribly transient feet”—name a poetic device used in the line.
5.      At what time in the morning did Mourad come to Aram?
6.      Name Mourad’s father.
7.      What is the meaning of “vazire”?
8.      In whose vineyard did Aram and Mourad hide the horse?
9.      Name the author of “The summer of the beautiful white horse”.
10.   How many miles did John Byro walk to come to Aram’s house?

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Monday, 9 September 2019

Saturday, 7 September 2019

Thursday, 29 August 2019

Monday, 29 July 2019


A.     How does the author describe the situation of Lencho’s house and field?

Ans_ The author begins with a beautiful natural set up to concoct us for the further twist ushering phenomenon in the story. He acquaints us with the house being the only one in the valley and on the crest of a hill. To add to this beautiful natural set up we are more brought to the beautiful auspicious river promising a good nourish reflecting the ripe corn dotted with flowers connoting sound harvest.

B.      How does the shower bring optimism and then complete disaster?

Ans_ Innocuous Lencho had made a wish from the core of the heart for a downpour or a shower. As if he listened to his appeal and ushered in plentiful shower indicating a wish and prosperous growth. But the aphotic side of this shower was not fathomed by Lencho until Perlis in the form of the hailstorms showered pulverizing the ripe optimistic cornfield. Hail storm reduced the lush cornfield into an expanse of abrogating piece reflecting disaster for the corn and as well as for Lencho.

C.     How did Lencho and his family enjoy the shower as a welcome gift?

Ans_ As desired by Lencho, he was blessed with a genuine rainfall which would rejuvenate the vitality of the cornfield. With a blithe heart, he welcomed the rain and even could not help himself from going in the rain feeling the pleasure of the rain on the body. Being exuberant Lencho even symbolically interpreted the big rain droplets as ten cents and little droplets as five cents.

D.     How did hailstones bring a pole asunder thought and behavior in Lencho?

Ans_ It was like a bolt from the blue for Lencho when he witnessed terrible havoc brought forth by hailstones. The boys naive of the affect of the hailstone could cause, took the occasion to be an auspicious one. But old hand peasant Lencho knew the ominous side of the hailstone and exclaimed, "it is really getting bad now.” When the cornfield was completely devasted, with a soul filled with dolefulness Lencho standing in the middle of the desert exclaimed, “a plague of locust would have left more than this.”

E.      From whom did Lencho with to get help from and why?

Ans_ Beaten and dismantled by the devilish hailstone Lencho was in a dead loss situation without any ray of hope. But his innocuous mind could think one other than the omnipresent almighty. He had been immaculate to traverse to God to comfort him as he desired.

F.      How did the postman and the postmaster react seeing the address written to god?

Ans_ It was unprecedented to the postmaster as well as to the postmaster when he witnessed the very name on the envelope. Initially the postman considered the letter to be the subject of fun and frolic and humorous. Same has been the discourse of the postmaster initially but immediately he was touched by the very innocuous and simple Mein of trust and regarded Lencho to be a rare man of true faith.

G.     How did postmaster decide to help Lencho? What restraints did he have?

Ans_ Despite, it was a humorous discovery for the postman to see a letter addressed to god by a country peasant, he did not want to spoliate Lencho’s trust in almighty. In lieu, he decided to answer as ‘God’ himself. But this bountiful jesture floundered when there was the issue of hundred pesos. Perplexed and derailed from his course, the postmaster decided to make it a reality in every possible way.

H.     How did the postmaster manage seventy pesos for Lencho?

Ans_ Resolute to his benevolent purpose Lencho reflected the qualities like sacrifice and appeal to meet the primary need of Lencho. He sacrificed a part of his salary and appealed to his colleagues and friends to charity to help a man of faith. Despite his diligent effort the postmaster was just able to dig up an amount of seventy pesos, thirty pesos short to be desired of hundred pesos.

I.        How did Lencho react after receiving seventy pesos?

Ans_ With serene faith and confidence, Lencho went to the post office the next Sunday to get his money as the help of the god. He did not have an iota of doubt about receiving the money and so he was least surprised on receiving the money. But he turned dubious on the post office people after getting seventy pesos as according to him the total sum of hundred was reduced to seventy by the post office officials.

J.       What wish did Lencho make to god after receiving seventy pesos?

Ans_ Without any speculation and surprise, Lencho considered the receipt of the money expected. But the amount being less by thirty pesos, he decided to complain god against the post office people doubting them who plundered his money. This incident is hilarious and starting as post office people worked as the god’s messengers who helped him with the money. Besides, this reflects his innocuous and guileless personality.

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Monday, 27 May 2019

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Tuesday, 21 May 2019


                                                                   REVISION TEST

            CBSE-CLASS-XII                          ENGLISH            FULL MARKS-35  TIME---1.30HR

A.     Answer the following questions in very short      5x1=5  
a)       What did the old man prepare for supper?
b)      Which card game did the rattrap peddler and the old man play?
c)       After how much time did the peddler come to the old man’s house?
d)      Where did the canal lead to?
e)       In which month did the incident take place?
f)       Whom did the ironmaster mistake the rattrap peddler to be?
g)      What was the name of the wife of the ironmaster?

B.      Answer the following in about 30-40 words(any five):- 5x3=15

a.       How did the rattrap peddler manage his livelihood?
b.       What was the philosophy of life connected to the rattrap by the rattrap?
c.       How did the rattrap peddler loot the man near the highway?
d.       How did the peddler reach the forge and how was he mistaken?
e.       How did the peddler reach the manor house?
f.        How did the ironmaster react when the truth was exposed and how did the peddler answer back?
g.       How was the life of the peddler during the Christmas in the manor house?
h.       Comment on the ending of the story.

C.      Answer the following questions in about 200 words.   (any two) 6x2=12

a)       Establish “The Rattrap” to be didactic one.
b)      Discuss how Edla become the source of inspiration to come out of the trap he was in.
c)       Justify the title of “The Rattrap”.

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